Available reels: 7
|Creator||France. Administration des colonies.|
|Title||France. Fond des Colonies: Séries G2. Dépôt des papiers publics des colonies; greffes judiciaires|
MG 1 G 2
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
In the 16th century and early 17th century, the King of France left the administration of the colony of New France to trading companies or those interested in colonization (for instance, the Company of a Hundred Associates). In 1663, King Louis XIV took a role in the development and administration of the colony. Depending on the model of the French provinces, a governor and intendant was appointed as representatives of the King over the colonial territory, and they reported their activities to the King and to the Secretary of State of the Navy. The Department of the Navy retained the responsibility for the administration of the colonies until the late 19th century. After 1710, a Colonial Office was created within the department to support, more specifically, the colonial policy of France. The King of France and the Minister of the Navy would play a very active role in all decisions made about New France and this would affect its destiny.
This collection contains documents from legal transplants. It contains records of civil and criminal proceedings: queries, records of investigations, interrogations, searches, seizures and arbitration, writs, docket hearings, judgments, awards, etc. There is a great deal of property titles and documents relating to estates, guardianships, insolvencies and judicial sales or even the internal governance of these courts. This collection includes documents relating to Louisbourg and Quebec.