Available reels: 1
|Creator||Great Britain. War Office.|
Great Britain. War Office : campaign medals (WO 100)
Great Britain. War Office. Commissariat Department : miscellanea (WO 62)
Great Britain. War Office. Secretary at War : out-letters (WO 4)
Great Britain. War Office. Judge Advocate General's Office : courts martial proceedings (WO 71)
MG 13 WO 100
Law and justice
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. The War Office developed from the Council of War, an ad hoc grouping of the King and his senior military commanders which oversaw the Kingdom of England's frequent wars and campaigns. A number of older institutions, notably the Board of Ordnance (which dates from the 15th century), were merged to form the War Office. It worked alongside the Admiralty, and was responsible for the Royal Navy, and the (much later) Air Ministry, which oversaw the Royal Air Force.
This collection consists of documents recording the names of officers and men entitled to campaign medals and clasps between 1793 and 1912. It also consists of miscellaneous orders, reports, requisitions, returns, instructions, warrants and forms, as well as some entry books of letters kept by Commissariat officers at various stations. Additionally, it contains entry books of letters sent from the office of the Secretary at War, and, after 1794, from the office of the Secretary of State for War. Finally, it also contains the proceedings, including warrants, letters, etc., of courts martial.