Available reels: 9
Office of the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs
Correspondence relating to the Red River Rebellion
Office of the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs : Letterbooks
Office of the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs : Correspondence
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
The office of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs was created in 1868. From that date, the Minister responsible for Indian Affairs carried the title Superintendent General of Indian Affairs (SGIA) until 1936 when the position was abolished. The position of SGIA was held initially by the Secretary of State of Canada. In 1869, the powers and duties of the SGIA were transferred to the Secretary of State for the Provinces. With the abolition of the post of Secretary of State for the Provinces and the creation of the position of Minister of the Interior in 1873, that Minister was made ex officio Superintendent General of Indian Affairs.
Microfilm reels C-9643 and C-9644 consists of correspondence received in the office of the Secretary of State for the Provinces relating to the disturbances at Red River in 1869 and 1870.
Microfilm reels C-13351 to C-13353 and T-1465 to T-1466 consists of copies of letters created by the Secretary of State for the Provinces, 1868-1871, in his capacity as Superintendent General of Indian Affairs; as well as copies of letters sent to various officials of the Indian Branch and other individuals in British Columbia and the North-West, 1873-1876 by E.A. Meredith Deputy Minister of the Interior.
Microfilm reels C-13331 to C-13332 and T-1472 consist of correspondence received by the Honourable David Mills, Minister of the Interior, regarding the establishment of the Wiarton Land Office, 1877; as well as letters from William Plummer, Joseph J.V. de Boucherville and A. Dingman, officials in the Indian Department, 1874-1883. Also included are correspondence, reports and accounts accumulated by the Superintendent General, 1861-1896.