Available reels: 5
|Creator||Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.|
|Title||Department of Indian Affairs : various land records|
RG 10 D 13
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
This collection consists of a wide variety of miscellaneous land records. Included in this series are the following records: a timber ledger for Indian lands in Canada West, 1863-1866; a report of the Land Committee of the Executive Council on Lunenburg and Mecklenburg Districts, 1790 and a report of the Executive Council on the Grand River Lands, 1843; claims of the Moravian, Ottawa, Chippewa, Shawnee, Huron, Mohawk, Tuscarora, and Onondaga tribes, 1814-1826, as well as a sketch of the administration of the Indian Department from 1755, and a return of the Six Nations residing on the Grand River, October 18, 1814. Also included are land inspection returns for various townships, town lots and islands. There are also registers, and further miscellaneous records.