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|Creator||France. Ministère de la Marine.|
|Title||France. Archives de la Marine. Fonds de la Marine : Service hydrographique de la Marine|
MG 2 J J
Science and technology
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
One of France's Secretaries of State under the ancien régime was entrusted with control of the French Navy (Secretary of State of the Navy in France). In 1791, this title was changed to Minister of the Navy. Before the 1890s, this position also usually had responsibility for France's colonies, and was usually known as Minister of the Navy and Colonies. The documents contained in the Fonds de la Marine were created or received by the Department of the Navy of France. They add to our knowledge of the French presence in the world as they document the naval operations, discovery and expansion of French overseas territories.
The documents of the Hydrographer of the Navy are very important as their material is of scientific and historical interest. Their wealth goes far beyond pure hydrography (the geographical study of the oceans) to extend to the most diverse areas, such as the history of navigation, geographical discoveries or science, cartography and astronomy.