Available reels: 8
|Creator||Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.|
|Title||Office of the Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs : correspondence, 1789-1830|
RG 10 A 2
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
In March 1862, the position of Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs was created and William Spragge (1808 - 1874) was appointed to this position and appears to have held it until the year of his death. The Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs was used as a title until 1936, and was given to the highest ranking civil servant in charge of Indian Affairs.
This collection consists of letters received by the Deputy Superintendent General and by other officials of the Indian Department, together with various office records. The collection is arranged chronologically.