Available reels: 26
|Creator||Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.|
Department of Indian Affairs, Headquarters central registry system : thousand series
Programme des affaires indiennes et inuity, Système central de gestion des dossiers de l'administration centrale : Série " Thousand "
RG 10 B 3
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
This collection consists of central registry files classified according to a modified Dewey classification system (the "Thousand Series") introduced at department headquarters in 1923. In this system, file numbers are comprised of two elements - a subject block number (e.g., 29000 - Surrenders) and an agency code (e.g., 32 - Six Nations). Hence, in this example, file 29032 documents surrenders of Six Nations lands. The "Thousand Series" contains files relating to the general administration of Indian Affairs throughout Canada. Topics include enfranchisement, band loans, rights of way, mining rights, surveys and surrenders, mining, manslaughter and murder, oil and gas, soldiers settlements, timber, land applications, dyking, handicrafts, and fur farming Agricultural fairs, bridges, churches, council houses, dams, ditches and drains, gravel and sand, irrigation, the Canadian Aviation school, land leases location tickets, case files, rules and regulations, reserve surveys, waterworks and wells, wharves, water licences, debts, amalgamation and separations.
Some items were removed from the collection, and then placed back in. However, these items were not reintegrated into the files from which they came, so researchers may have to search around the microfilm reels to locate this material.