Available reels: 11
|Creator||Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.|
|Title||Department of Indian Affairs : Western Superintendency|
RG 10 D IV a
RG 10 C I 4
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
The report of the Bagot Commission suggested the creation of a district encompassing all tribes in Upper Canada other than those previously administered by the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. The resulting administrative district, established in July 1845, was the Western Superintendency. This superintendency was comprised of many different reserves and bands.
This collection consists of records created and maintained in the Western Superintendency. The series includes the correspondence of various superintendents and resident agents, letterbooks, accounts, general operational records, and miscellaneous land records.