Available reels: 3
|Creator||Royal Canadian Mounted Police.|
|Title||Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Office of the Commissioner: letterbooks relating to sick horses|
RG 18 B 7
Law and justice
Health and medicine
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was a parliamentary police force created in 1873. It was meant to keep law and order among incoming settlers to the region west of Ontario, help Aboriginals make the transition to Indian reserves, and act as a symbol of Canadian sovereignty against American annexation. The police force was partially created in response to Fenian invaders who nearly made it to Manitoba in 1871.
The force added "Royal" to its name in 1904. It was merged with the Dominion Police, the main police force for all points east of Manitoba, in 1920 and was renamed as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The new organization was charged with federal law enforcement in all the provinces and territories, and immediately set about establishing its modern role as protector of Canadian national security, as well as assuming responsibility for national counterintelligence.
During the period between 1882 to 1920, a Commissioner directed operations of the force from a regional headquarters in the west and reported in detail on all aspects of its operations to the Comptroller. An Act to amend the Royal Northwest Mounted Police Act was passed and assented to in November 1919. This Act provided for the appointment of a Commissioner of Police. In 1923, all statutory or other powers previously vested in the Commissioner of the Dominion Police were transferred to the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The Commissioner was designated a deputy head under the provisions of the Public Service Employment Act.
This collection consists of veterinary correspondence from Regina relating to the treatment and care of sick horses and the prevention of disease. These records are mainly of interest as a sample of the records kept and attention paid by the NWMP to their horses.