Available reels: 4
|Creator||Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs|
Department of Indian Affairs : Kwawkewith Agency
Ministère des Affaires indiennes : Agence de Kwawkewith
RG 10 C VI
Business and Commerce
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
The Kwawkewlth Agency in British Columbia, sometimes referred to as the Alert Bay Agency, was established in April 1881. The agency was located at the following sites: Beaver Harbour, British Columbia (1882-1883); Alert Bay, British Columbia (1883-1887); Fort Rupert, British Columbia (1887-1889); Cape Mudge, British Columbia (1897-1901); and Alert Bay (1903-1969). The Kwawkewlth Agency merged with some bands from the West Coast Agency and became part of the newly-created North Island District office in 1970.
Microfilm reel C-14876 consists of subject files, including files concerning industrial schools and agents' statistical reports, 1910-1928; as well as agricultural and industrial statistics for Alert Bay, 1899-1919.
Microfilm reels C-14876 to C-14879 consist of letterbooks that contain copies of letters written by the agent at Alert Bay, 1891-1909, 1913-1914. Each volume contains an index.