Available reels: 1
Department of Militia and Defence : Special Forces nominal rolls and paylists
Red River Force, 1870-1877
North West Field Force, 1885
South African Contingents, 1899-1902
Coronation Contingent, 1902
Yukon Garrison, nominal rolls and paylists
|Document source||Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada|
The Department of Militia and Defence was the department responsible for Canadian military forces from 1906 to 1921, and the Minister of Militia and Defence was in charge of this department. Before this period, from 1855 to 1906, the Minister of Militia and Defence was responsible for Canadian militia units only, as the British Army was still stationed in Canada. When the British Army withdrew from Canada in 1906, the department became the overseer of all Canadian land forces. In 1921, the Royal Canadian Navy was transferred to this department, so it was renamed the Department of Militia and Defence and the Naval Service. In January 1923, the department name was changed to the Department of National Defence as a result of the prior amalgamation of Naval Services, Militia and Defence, as well as the merger of the Air Board into the department.
This collection consists of Special Forces nominal rolls and paylists. The sub-series includes records relating to the following Forces and Contingents: Red River Force, 1870-1877; North West Field Force, 1885; South African Contingents, 1899-1902; Yukon Field Force, 1900 (reel C-4494); and the Coronation Contingent, 1902.