Fonds de l'Inscription maritime de Saint-Servan [France]
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Notice bibliographique du document
- France. Archives maritimes. Port de Saint-Servan
- Fonds de l'Inscription maritime de Saint-Servan [France]
- 1. Habitants - Ile Royale, [1758-1762] 2. Habitants - Ile Saint-Jean, [1758-1762] 3. Habitants - Gaspé, [1758-1762] 4. Habitants - Iles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, 1779. 5. Acadians - Déportation des, 1758. 6. Réfugiés politiques, 1758. 7. Réfugiés - Saint-Malo, [1758-1762] 8. History Refugees. Canada 9. Histoire Réfugiés. Canada
- Document original
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Acadia was a colony of New France that consisted of parts of present-day eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and Maine in the United States. The colony was established in 1605 at Port-Royal in current-day Nova Scotia and lasted officially until 1710 when much of the territory fell to the British. The remaining land would be conquered by the British over the course of the 18th century. Acadia is now referred to as regions of the former French colony in North America that are historically associated its lands, descendants and culture. Former residents and descendants are referred to as Acadians.
In 1756, the Seven Years' War broke out between France and England. Two French colonies in what was Acadia, Île Royale and Île Saint-Jean, fell in 1758. Being French subjects, their settlers were expelled and repatriated to France. More than 3,000 settlers were deported from Île Saint-Jean alone, half of them losing their lives by drowning or through disease.
France and England were again at war in 1778. France lost and the inhabitants of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon were deported. They were allowed to come back in 1783. Acadians also inhabited the Falkland Islands in South America. When the colony was transferred to Spain in 1767, the settlers were given a choice to stay or be brought back to France by Spain. Most decided to return to France.
This collection contains information on the inhabitants of Île Royale, Île Saint-Jean, Gaspé and other places, who landed at Saint-Malo and Brest, France, and those who came from other ports between 1758 and 1762. There are supporting documents regarding their subsistence allowances for 1760 and 1761, and documents related to the livelihoods of people from North America who lived in Saint-Malo around 1772. There is also information on the income of Acadians living in the Falkland Islands. There is also information on those who lived on the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon who were repatriated to France in 1779 and information on the expenses of their return to the islands in 1783 and 1784.
No finding aid appears to be available on the microfilm reels.