France. Fonds des Archives nationales: Série C11F. Correspondance générale; Terre-Neuve et les pêcheries
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Notice bibliographique du document
- France. Administration des colonies.
- France. Fonds des Archives nationales: Série C11F. Correspondance générale; Terre-Neuve et les pêcheries
MG 1 C 11 F
Business and commerce
Law and justice
- Document original
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In the 16th century and early 17th century, the King of France left the administration of the colony of New France to trading companies or those interested in colonization (for instance, the Company of a Hundred Associates). In 1663, King Louis XIV took a role in the development and administration of the colony. Depending on the model of the French provinces, a governor and intendant was appointed as representatives of the King over the colonial territory, and they reported their activities to the King and to the Secretary of State of the Navy. The Department of the Navy retained the responsibility for the administration of the colonies until the late 19th century. After 1710, a Colonial Office was created within the department to support, more specifically, the colonial policy of France. The King of France and the Minister of the Navy would play a very active role in all decisions made about New France and this would affect its destiny.
This collection consists of documents provided by the Archives of the Ministry of Marine and Colonies to the Fisheries Commission. The latter was established in 1876 to investigate alleged human rights violations that French fishermen faced on the coast of Newfoundland. The majority of these papers cover the period from 1763 to 1790, and also may include position papers on fisheries in Newfoundland and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.