France. Fonds des Archives nationales. Série Y. Châtelet de Paris

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France. Archives nationales.
France. Fonds des Archives nationales. Série Y. Châtelet de Paris
French Canada
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
The Archives nationales (French for "National Archives") preserve the national archives of the French state, apart from the archives of the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as these two ministries have their own archive services. The Archives nationales were created at the time of the French Revolution in 1790, but it was a state decree of 1794 that made it mandatory to centralize all the pre-French Revolution private and public archives seized by the revolutionaries, completed by a law passed in 1796 which created departmental archives of France to alleviate the burden on the Archives nationales in Paris, thus creating the collections of the Archives nationales as we know them today.
The Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts is an extensive piece of reform legislation signed into law by Francis 1st of France on August 10, 1539, in the city of Villers-Cotterêts. Largely the work of Chancellor Guillaume Poyet, this legislative edict in 192 articles dealt with a number of government, judicial and ecclesiastical matters.Articles 110 and 111, the most famous, called for the use of French in all legal acts, notarized contracts and official legislation in order to avoid any linguistic confusion. Article 132 talks about insinuating donations. In civil law, this is the transcription of an act on the public registers like the recording of deeds. Many of the documents transcribed here are such, they are the recordings of marriage contracts and donations from various persons.