France. Fonds des Archives nationales: Série D2C. Troupes des colonies

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Document Record

France. Administration des colonies.
France. Fonds des Archives nationales: Série D2C. Troupes des colonies
MG 1 D 2 C
French Canada
Foreign relations
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In the 16th century and early 17th century, the King of France left the administration of the colony of New France to trading companies or those interested in colonization (for instance, the Company of a Hundred Associates). In 1663, King Louis XIV took a role in the development and administration of the colony. Depending on the model of the French provinces, a governor and intendant was appointed as representatives of the King over the colonial territory, and they reported their activities to the King and to the Secretary of State of the Navy. The Department of the Navy retained the responsibility for the administration of the colonies until the late 19th century. After 1710, a Colonial Office was created within the department to support, more specifically, the colonial policy of France. The King of France and the Minister of the Navy would play a very active role in all decisions made about New France and this would affect its destiny.
The series contains collective personnel documents used in the colonies in the 18th and 19th centuries. The majority of documents are about the military, but there are also many documents relating to civil officers and colonial clergy. The documents include personnel numbers of civilian and military officers, journals, patents, commissions, service orders, ordinances, directives, decisions, losses, desertions, lists of military passengers, advancement proposals or decorations, inspection reports, etc.