Post Office Department: Postmaster General

Available reels: 1

Document Record

Canada. Post Office Dept..
Post Office Department: Postmaster General
RG 3 A 1
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Mail delivery within Canada first started in 1693 when the Portuguese born Pedro da Silva was paid to deliver mail between Quebec City and Montreal. Official postal services began in 1775 and was under the control of the British Government up to 1851. It was not until 1867 when the newly formed Dominion of Canada created the Post Office Department as a federal government department headed by a Cabinet minister, the Postmaster General of Canada. The Act took effect in April 1868, providing uniform postal service throughout the new country. In October 1908, the first free rural mail delivery service was instituted in Canada. The Post Office Department was also an early pioneer of airmail delivery with the first airmail flight taking place in June 1918, carrying mail from Montreal to Toronto. The Post Office Department was rebranded as "Canada Post" in the late 1960s, even though it had not yet been separated from the government. In October 1981, the Canada Post Corporation Act came into force, abolishing the Post Office Department and creating the present day Crown corporation which provides post service, the Canada Post Corporation.
This collection consists of correspondence and reports concerning appointments, including reports from the Deputy Postmaster General on individuals recommended and appointed; private letterbooks of letters addressed to fellow Ministers and Members of Parliament on the subject of appointments; submissions and reports to the Governor General in Council relating primarily to the post office railway and ocean mail service; memoranda prepared by the Deputy Postmaster General for the Postmaster General on such matters as the Northwest Rebellion of 1885; reports on the management of individual post offices; the department of employees, both at headquarters and in the field; and drafts of returns.