Department of Indian Affairs : Office of the Military Secretary to the Commander of the Forces
Available reels: 2
- Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.
- Department of Indian Affairs : Office of the Military Secretary to the Commander of the Forces
RG 10 A 3 b
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
The management of Indian Affairs in both Upper and Lower Canada was placed under the jurisdiction of the Commander of the Forces in May 1816. In April 1830, the management of Indian Affairs in both Provinces was returned to the respective civil Governors.
This collection consists of correspondence received in the Military Secretary's Office during the period that administration of Indian Affairs was under the jurisdiction of the Commander of the Forces. The series also contains a few petitions, claims and other administrative documents and is arranged in chronological order. In December 1826, the Military Secretary, Major-General H. C. Darling, was also appointed to the position of Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. From that point onward, the correspondence in this series is addressed, for the most part, to Darling in his capacity as Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs.