Secretary of Indian Affairs in Lower Canada

Available reels: 9

Document Record

Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.
Secretary of Indian Affairs in Lower Canada
RG 10 A 3 c
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
In 1830, jurisdiction over Indian matters was transferred from the charge of the military authorities to that of the Civil Governors in both Provinces. The Indian Department in Lower Canada was placed under the control of the Military Secretary of the Governor General, stationed at Quebec. Lieutenant-Colonel D. C. Napier was removed to the Military Secretary's office to serve as the administrative head of the Indian Department in Lower Canada, with the title Secretary of Indian Affairs.
This collection consists of letters received by Lieutenant-Colonel D.C. Napier as Secretary of Indian Affairs in the Office of the Military Secretary, Quebec. The collection is arranged chronologically.