Department of Indian Affairs : Office of the Civil Secretary in the Province of Canada, 1844-1861
Available reels: 76
- Canada. Dept. of the Interior.
- Department of Indian Affairs : Office of the Civil Secretary in the Province of Canada, 1844-1861
RG 10 A 5
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
Microfilm reels C-11490 to C-11529, C-11537 to C-11543, C-12636 to C-12650, C-13419, and C-13488 consist of letters received by the Civil Secretary in his capacity as Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. The sub-series is filed in a numerical sequence.
Microfilm reels C-12650 to C-12657 consist of general operational records created and maintained by the Civil Secretary in his capacity as Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. The sub-series includes: correspondence, 1845-1861; drafts and land records; memoranda and minutes of Indian councils; and powers of attorney, bonds, returns and accounts.
Mircofilm reels C-13344 to C-13348 consist of of letters written by the Civil Secretary in his capacity as Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. Each volume contains an index.
Microfilm reels C-13393 to C-13394 consist of drafts of letters written by the Civil Secretary in his capacity as Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. The collection is arranged chronologically.