General pre-Confederation Indian Department records : Records relating to J.B. Clench

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Document Record

Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.
General pre-Confederation Indian Department records : Records relating to J.B. Clench
RG 10 B 8 q
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
Joseph Brant Clench (c. 1790 - 1857) was an Indian Department official, militia officer, justice of the peace, and office holder. As an Indian Department agent in the early 1850s, it became apparent that he was lacking in his duties. It was recommended that he be suspended in 1854. In August 1855, a court in London, England, heard that Clench’s wife and two of his sons, Leon and Holcroft, had purchased properties with monies belonging to the Indian Department. It was subsequently estimated that, with interest, some £9,000 had been embezzled. The strain of the disclosure of the embezzlement led to a distance in relations between Clench and his family, and had an effect on his overall health, leading to his decline and death.
This collection consists of records relating to the defalcation of J.B. Clench.