Department of Indian Affairs, Six Nations Superintendency : land records

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Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.
Department of Indian Affairs, Six Nations Superintendency : land records
RG 10 D 3 a
Document original
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
This collection consists of miscellaneous records relating to land matters created and maintained by the Six Nations (Grand River) Superintendency. It includes the following: land returns, 1844-1881; cash accounts of the Commissioner of Crown Lands for the superintendency, 1830-1845; as well as other cash accounts for land, 1852-1859; a record book for the sale of Grand River lands, 1844-1849 (this volume also contains entries for land at Hawkesbury and Innisfil); valuation of town lots at Cayuga and Azos, 1851, with a report by David Thorburn, Superintendent, to Lieutenant-Colonel R. Bruce, Superintendent General of Indian Affairs); and records relating to the eviction of squatters, 1846-1849. It also contains land record subject files relating to the Ogle Lot, Bath Estate, 1869-1879; the claims of the descendants of Adam Young, 1790-1848; H.B. Ostrom's claim, 1842-1850; the Mount Pleasant land claims, 1830-1848; Dr. Charles Duncombe's claims, 1845-1851; as well as to various receipts, 1842-1862.