Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Office of the Comptroller, official correspondence : Indexes and registers
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- Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Office of the Comptroller, official correspondence : Indexes and registers
RG 18 A 1
Law and justice
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was a parliamentary police force created in 1873. It was meant to keep law and order among incoming settlers to the region west of Ontario, help Aboriginals make the transition to Indian reserves, and act as a symbol of Canadian sovereignty against American annexation. The police force was partially created in response to Fenian invaders who nearly made it to Manitoba in 1871.
The force added "Royal" to its name in 1904. It was merged with the Dominion Police, the main police force for all points east of Manitoba, in 1920 and was renamed as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The new organization was charged with federal law enforcement in all the provinces and territories, and immediately set about establishing its modern role as protector of Canadian national security, as well as assuming responsibility for national counterintelligence.
The Comptroller, during the period from 1874 to 1920, was the person responsible to the Minister for the police force’s administration. This meant that the Commissioner, who was located in the west until 1920, was responsible for submitting to the Comptroller detailed reports on all functions and affairs of the force as well as requests for increases or changes in the establishment for ministerial consideration.
This collection consists of indexes which constitute a finding aid to the registers which list the files in numerical order and are complete from 1876. Registers for 1874 to 1876 are not complete and those from 1892 to 1895 and one from 1881 were destroyed in a fire.