Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Office of the Commissioner: official correspondence: indexes and registers, 1876-1920
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- Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Office of the Commissioner: official correspondence: indexes and registers, 1876-1920
RG 18 B 1
Law and justice
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was a parliamentary police force created in 1873. It was meant to keep law and order among incoming settlers to the region west of Ontario, help Aboriginals make the transition to Indian reserves, and act as a symbol of Canadian sovereignty against American annexation. The police force was partially created in response to Fenian invaders who nearly made it to Manitoba in 1871.
The force added "Royal" to its name in 1904. It was merged with the Dominion Police, the main police force for all points east of Manitoba, in 1920 and was renamed as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The new organization was charged with federal law enforcement in all the provinces and territories, and immediately set about establishing its modern role as protector of Canadian national security, as well as assuming responsibility for national counterintelligence.
This collection consists of indexes and registers. These records are incomplete up to 1885. The indexes constitute a finding aid to the registers, which in turn give a description of the contents of the files. From 1911 to 1920, the indexes do not refer to general subject titles but only to individuals under investigation.