Royal Canadian Mounted Police : crime indexes and registers, 1902-1919
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- Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police : crime indexes and registers, 1902-1919
RG 18 B 5
Law and justice
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) was a parliamentary police force created in 1873. It was meant to keep law and order among incoming settlers to the region west of Ontario, help Aboriginals make the transition to Indian reserves, and act as a symbol of Canadian sovereignty against American annexation. The police force was partially created in response to Fenian invaders who nearly made it to Manitoba in 1871.
The force added "Royal" to its name in 1904. It was merged with the Dominion Police, the main police force for all points east of Manitoba, in 1920 and was renamed as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The new organization was charged with federal law enforcement in all the provinces and territories, and immediately set about establishing its modern role as protector of Canadian national security, as well as assuming responsibility for national counterintelligence.
This collection consists of crime indexes and registers. Until 1918, most offenses such as theft, assault, drunkenness, cruelty to animals, rape and similar cases which came before NWMP magistrates, or in which a member of the force was laying the charge, are listed in these crime indexes and registers, together with a notation of the punishment or fine meted out to the offender. They also contain information concerning war classifications such as movement of aliens, prisoners of war, parole certificates, Military Service Act defaulters, Bolshevik activities and the seizure of drugs.