Department of Indian Affairs : Blackfoot Agency
Available reels: 7
- Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.
- Department of Indian Affairs : Blackfoot Agency
RG 10 C VI
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
An Indian Agent was appointed in 1880 to administer the bands of the Treaty 7 area. Various Indian Agents eventually took over responsibilities for various divisions, but they were generally responsible for the Blackfoot, Stoney, Sarcee, Blood and Peigan bands. In 1885, the agent’s responsibilities became confined to the Blackfoot reserve, in what became known as the Blackfoot Agency. A separate agency, based at the Sarcee reserve, was set up for the administration of the Sarcee and Stoney bands. This agency became known as the Sarcee Agency.
Microfilm reel C-14880 contains a ledger of agricultural implements, clothing, farm supplies, Indian supplies, tools, cattle received in and issued subsequently from the agency office to the Blackfoot, Sarcee, and Stoney bands. Included as well are ledger entry records of general expenses and annuity payments.
Microfilm reel C-14881 consists of a day journal written by Magnus Begg, who was the agent for the Blackfoot Agency from 1884 to 1896.
Microfilm reels C-14881 to C-1488, T-1460, and T-1467 to T-1472 contain letterbooks which have copies of letters written by the agent at Blackfoot Crossing between 1884 to 1905. The agents during this period were Mangus Begg (1884 to 1896), G.H. Wheatley (1897 to 1900), J.A. Markle (1901 to 1904), and H.E. Sibbald (1905 to 1907). Most of these volumes contain an index. A few, however, do not.
Microfilm reel T-1467 consists of indexed circular letters.
Microfilm reel T-1471 consists of agents' reports created and maintained by the Blackfoot Agency.
Microfilm reel T-1471 also consists of letters concerning medical, employee, land sales and leases and membership files and records relating to Old Sun's Day School, between 1895 to 1920.
Microfilm reel T-1471 additionally consists of a register of letters received at the Blackfoot Agency office from 1884 to 1893.