Department of Indian Affairs : Cowichan Agency

Available reels: 20

Document Record

Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.
Department of Indian Affairs : Cowichan Agency
RG 10 C VI
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
The Cowichan Agency in British Columbia was established in April 1881. The agency office was located in Maple Bay (1882), Quamichan (1885-1904), Duncan's Station (1906-1910), and Duncan (1911-1969). In 1969, the Cowichan Agency became part of the newly-created South Island District.
Microfilm reels C-13914 to C-13917 and T-1473 consist of letters received by the agent for the Cowichan Agency, 1881-1920, arranged in basic chronological order. It should be noted that part of the collection relates to the Kuper Island Industrial School, 1891-1920. Also included on these reels are files dealing with correspondence received from Ottawa, 1910-1918; correspondence received from the Inspector of Indian Agencies for British Columbia, 1910-1918; and circulars, 1892-1910.
Microfilm reels C-13917 and T-1464 contain a daily journal kept by the agent at Comox, British Columbia, 1896-1914, recording his activities, as well as other agent journals and diaries.
Microfilm reels C-13919 to C-13933 contain letterbooks containing copies of letters written by the agent for the Cowichan Agency between 1882 to 1922. Each volume contains an index.
Microfilm reel C-13933 consists of agricultural and industrial statistics.
Microfilm reel T-1461 consists of cash books for the Songhees reserve.