Department of Indian Affairs : Queen Charlotte Agency
Available reels: 3
- Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs
- Department of Indian Affairs : Queen Charlotte Agency
RG 10 C VI
Law and Justice
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
The Queen Charlotte Agency office was located in Masset, British Columbia, between 1910 and 1966. The agency was created in December 1909 from the division of the North West Coast Agency into the Queen Charlotte Agency, the Nass Agency and the Bella Coola Agency. The Queen Charlotte Agency amalgamated with the Skeena River Agency in 1966 to form a larger Skeena River Agency.
Microfilm reels C-14880 and T-3969 to T-3971 contains a series of miscellaneous files dealing with the Masset and Skidegate bands, including some correspondence relating to court cases, 1910-1915. Some files relate to subject matters such as land leases, roads, Band Council elections, Band Council minutes, trust funds, circulars, World War One enlistments, returned soldiers and veterans' reestablishment.