Department of Indian Affairs, The Pas Agency : letterbooks

Available reels: 2

Document Record

Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs.
Department of Indian Affairs, The Pas Agency : letterbooks
Western Canada
RG 10 C VI
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In 1755, the British Crown established the British Indian Department, and responsibility for Indian Affairs rested on the Superintendents of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1841. After 1843, the Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The responsibility for Indian Affairs rested with various government departments between 1873 and 1966. The Minister of the Interior also held the position of Superintendent General of Indian Affairs after the Indian Affairs Department was established in 1880. From 1950 to 1965, the Indian Affairs portfolio was carried by the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. In October 1966, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. Today, the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
The Pas Agency was responsible for bands in the Numbered Treaty Five region of Manitoba. In 1875, the Bands of North-Central Manitoba signed Treaty Five with the federal government. Two years later, an agent was appointed for the area. In 1883 and 1884, responsibility for the Treaty Five Aboriginals was split with those bands inhabiting the region of the east of Lake Winnipeg becoming the responsibility of the Berens River Agency and those in the western portion of the treaty area coming under the Pas Agency. The first agent for the Pas Agency was appointed in late 1883. In 1966, the Pas Agency was amalgamated with the Nelson River Agency to form the Pas District.
This collection consists of letterbooks created and maintained by the Pas Agency. There is a letterbook in textual form containing copies of letters written by the agent at The Pas in 1891 and 1892, and it contains an index. Reels T-3470 to T-3471 contain a microfilmed copy of one letterbook of outgoing correspondence from the Pas Agency for the years 1895 and 1896. For the years covered by this letterbook, the responsibilities of the Pas Agency included those Indians located at Grand Rapids, Chemahawin, Moose Lake, the Pas, Birch River, Shoal Lake, Red Earth, and Cumberland. Subject matter includes the full range of activities that were the responsibility of the Indian agent.