Fonds des actes de foi et hommage

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Document Record

Nouvelle-France. Actes de foi et hommage.
Fonds des actes de foi et hommage
MG 8 A 7
French Canada
Document source
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Quebec has had a long and varied history, starting with the colony of New France. In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491 - 1557) planted a cross in the Gaspé peninsula and claimed the land in the name of King Francis. In 1608, the city of Quebec was founded with 28 men. In 1630, there were only 103 colonists living in the settlement, but by 1640, the population had reached 355. Fur traders, known as coureurs des bois, extended French influence south and west to the Great Lakes. Eventually, Cardinal Richelieu (1585 - 1642), adviser to French king Louis XIII, wanted to make New France as populous as the English colonies to the south, and founded the Company of One Hundred Associates in 1627 to invest in New France, promising land parcels to hundreds of new settlers and to turn the region into an important farming and mercantile colony. Richelieu introduced the seigneurial system, a semi-feudal system of farming that existed until the 19th century. The Roman Catholic Church, and missionaries such as the Recollets and Jesuits, became firmly established in New France as well.
Paying an act of fealty, the seigneur declared himself a vassal of the king or the company that owned the land, and pledged solemnly to fulfill all of his obligations.
This collection includes acts of fealty of the seigneurs, from 1667 to 1674 and 1723 to 1854.