Fonds des aveux et dénombrements
Available reels: 3
- Nouvelle-France. Aveux et dénombrements.
- Fonds des aveux et dénombrements
MG 8 A 10
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Quebec has had a long and varied history, starting with the colony of New France. In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491 - 1557) planted a cross in the Gaspé peninsula and claimed the land in the name of King Francis. In 1608, the city of Quebec was founded with 28 men. In 1630, there were only 103 colonists living in the settlement, but by 1640, the population had reached 355. Fur traders, known as coureurs des bois, extended French influence south and west to the Great Lakes. Eventually, Cardinal Richelieu (1585 - 1642), adviser to French king Louis XIII, wanted to make New France as populous as the English colonies to the south, and founded the Company of One Hundred Associates in 1627 to invest in New France, promising land parcels to hundreds of new settlers and to turn the region into an important farming and mercantile colony. Richelieu introduced the seigneurial system, a semi-feudal system of farming that existed until the 19th century. The Roman Catholic Church, and missionaries such as the Recollets and Jesuits, became firmly established in New France as well.
The collection includes transcriptions registers of land given to the Jesuits and the statements of their tenants, 1723 to 1754 and 1781. Most of the records have an index.