Arrêts, édits, mandements, ordonnances et règlements concernant Montréal
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Notice bibliographique du document
- Arrêts, édits, mandements, ordonnances et règlements concernant Montréal
MG 8 C 6
- Document original
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Quebec has had a long and varied history, starting with the colony of New France. In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491 - 1557) planted a cross in the Gaspé peninsula and claimed the land in the name of King Francis. In 1608, the city of Quebec was founded with 28 men. In 1630, there were only 103 colonists living in the settlement, but by 1640, the population had reached 355. Fur traders, known as coureurs des bois, extended French influence south and west to the Great Lakes. Eventually, Cardinal Richelieu (1585 - 1642), adviser to French king Louis XIII, wanted to make New France as populous as the English colonies to the south, and founded the Company of One Hundred Associates in 1627 to invest in New France, promising land parcels to hundreds of new settlers and to turn the region into an important farming and mercantile colony. Richelieu introduced the seigneurial system, a semi-feudal system of farming that existed until the 19th century. The Roman Catholic Church, and missionaries such as the Recollets and Jesuits, became firmly established in New France as well.
In 1611, Samuel de Champlain (1574 - 1625) established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site initially named La Place Royale. In 1639, Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière (1597 -1659) obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Société de Notre-Dame de Montréal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve (1612 - 1676) was the governor of the colony, which was established on May 17, 1642. By the early 18th century, the Sulpician Order had set up there. It was ruled as a French colony until 1760, when it was surrendered to Great Britain after the Seven Years' War. Montreal was incorporated as a city in 1832.
This collection includes laws and regulations from metropolitan and colonial authorities; the king, governors general, stewards, bishops, judges and other persons concerning the jurisdiction of Montreal.