France. Fonds des Archives nationales: Série F2C. Colonies en général; mélanges
Available reels: 1
- France. Administration des colonies.
- France. Fonds des Archives nationales: Série F2C. Colonies en général; mélanges
MG 1 F 2 C
Business and commerce
- Document source
- Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
In the 16th century and early 17th century, the King of France left the administration of the colony of New France to trading companies or those interested in colonization (for instance, the Company of a Hundred Associates). In 1663, King Louis XIV took a role in the development and administration of the colony. Depending on the model of the French provinces, a governor and intendant was appointed as representatives of the King over the colonial territory, and they reported their activities to the King and to the Secretary of State of the Navy. The Department of the Navy retained the responsibility for the administration of the colonies until the late 19th century. After 1710, a Colonial Office was created within the department to support, more specifically, the colonial policy of France. The King of France and the Minister of the Navy would play a very active role in all decisions made about New France and this would affect its destiny.
This collection contains summaries of letters and memoirs bearing note the opinion of the King, the Minister of the Navy or the Council of the Navy. These documents relate mainly to shipments of soldiers, tradesmen, food, goods and construction materials in the colonies. Among the most interesting pieces in this collection may include a statement of ships that had arrived or departed from Martinique in 1755 with the status of their cargo and a memoir about Canada in 1760.